The pistachio is a small shrub native to Syria, Pakistan, Greece, Afghanistan, Turkey and Iran which produces an economically significant culinary nut. It’s a member of the genus Pistacia. The various species could be isolated from Malabar Rat Removal on the basis of the geographic distribution as well as from the nuts. The nuts are smaller in size, bearing feature strong flavor of turpentine and a soft shell. The title pistachio comes from a Persian word. The contemporary pistachio nut Pistacia vera was cultivated for the first time in Western Asia and it turned into inhabitant of the cooler parts of Iran. Presently it’s cultivated for commercial purposes in Australia, New Mexico and California in which it was introduced in 1854 as a backyard tree. The charge for this work belongs to David Fairchild of Department of United States of Agriculture from China to California.
It grows well in a properly irrigated soil with approximately 3,000-4,000 ppm salts. They could survive nicely when temperature is -10°C in winter up to 40°C in the summers. They want sunny days with well drained soil. Long hot summers are vital for fruit ripening. The plants are dioecious with different male and female plants. The blossoms are apetalous, unisexual and are borne in panicles. The fruit is a drupe surrounding a seed that’s edible. Seed is a culinary nut although not a real nut from the botanical sense. The shell color changes from green to red or yellow after ripening. This approach is called as dehiscence.
The trees are often planted in the orchards and reach maturity at age 7-10 years so as to be used for industrial production. Peak production is reached at age 20 years. Plants are pruned regularly so as to carry out harvesting in a simpler way. 1 male generates enough pollen for 8-10 nut bearing females. The trees are delicate and therefore are prone to fungal infections like the fire blight. The kernels are consumed as complete either fresh or salted and can also be utilized in making ice creams. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in July 2003 declared these nuts are effective against the heart ailments. A research carried out in the Pennsylvania State University suggested they decrease the amount of low density lipoproteins and raise the level of antioxidants in serum. Like the members of Anacardiaceae they also contain urushiol which could cause allergic reactions. Chinese are top pistachio customers in the world taking about 80,000 tonnes annually followed by Americans that consume 45,000 tonnes annually. Russians and Indians are following.